Labour Economics

Labour Economics

Human capital and inequality during adolescence and working life

Project manager: Richard Blundell
Project start date: 01.02.2018
Duration: 3 years

In this project, we will investigate the role of human capital in shaping inequalities over the life course in three quite different country contexts. We aim to shed new light on the process of human capital formation during adolescence and adulthood. In particular, we address different dimensions of inequality on education opportunities, employment and earnings, how they relate to individual circumstances such as socio-economic background, gender and family arrangements, how they develop over the life course and how they are influenced by the education and welfare systems. We will study these questions across three European countries - France, Norway and the UK - representative of three distinct policy Paradigms. The differences in the extent of inequality and policy context across the three countries will enable rich cross-country comparisons.

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Growing up Unequal? The Origins, Dynamics and Lifecycle Consequences of Childhood Inequalities

Project manager: Kjell Salvanes
Project start date: 01.02.2018
Duration: 3 years

Over the last decades, economic and social inequalities in Europe have risen sharply along many dimensions. We propose a four-strand research program aimed at understanding these phenomena by focusing on the origins, dynamics and consequences of early inequalities in human capital accumulation in France, Norway and the UK. First, we examine the impacts of early shocks on inequalities in human capital and socio-economic outcomes at different stages of the lifecycle. Second, we assess the performance of targeted vs universal policies at reducing inequalities by socioeconomic status and gender across the three countries. Third, we analyze the role of parents in compensating and/or reinforcing children’s human capital endowments and the implications for the intergenerational transmission of inequalities. Fourth, we study the role of peers and assess the potential of simple interventions influencing social interactions between students in reducing inequalities.

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Criminality, Victimization and Social Interactions

Project manager: KATRINE V. LØKEN
Project start date: 01.01.2018
Duration: 60 months

A large social science literature tries to describe and understand the causes and consequences of crime, usually focusing on individuals’ criminal activity in isolation. The ambitious aim of this research project is to establish a broader perspective of crime that takes into account the social context in which it takes place. The findings will inform policymakers on how to better use funds both for crime prevention and the rehabilitation of incarcerated criminals.

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Health and the labor market

Project manager: KJELL GUNNAR SALVANES
Project duration: 2013 - 2017

The project is funded by the VAM program of the Research Council of Norway.

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Intergenerational mobility, early health shocks and public policy

Project manager: KJELL GUNNAR SALVANES
Project duration: 2015 - 2018

The project is funded by the FRIHUMSAM program of the Research Council of Norway.

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Reducing Inequality Through Complementarities in Investments in Education and Health

Project manager: ALINE BÜTIKOFER
Start date: August 2018
Duration: 4 years

In the past decades, many Western societies have experienced a sharp increase in inequalities along many dimensions, including education, income, and physical and mental health. These inequalities pose considerable challenges for the wellbeing of recent cohorts, and there is an acute need for rigorous research to inform the design of cost-effective policies to address them. Such research is, however, complex and requires a deep understanding of the causal processes underlying these inequalities. In this project, we aim to understand the dynamic processes through which multiple policies interact in affecting the emergence and evolution of inequalities. 

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Urbanization - productivity, distribution, and policy

Project manager: KJELL GUNNAR SALVANES
Project duration: 2015 - 2018

The goals of the project are three-fold. First, the project aims to relate regional growth to productivity by studying the underlying  mechanisms of agglomeration effects. Second, the project intends to link  the urbanization process and geographical sorting of households and firms to the performance of different groups at the labor market and the  overall income distribution. The third goal of the project is to evaluate the role of the public sector and policy in influencing the urbanization process and discuss the consequences of various policies.

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