Behavioural economics

Behavioural economics

The welfare state and fairness in markets

Project manager: Alexander W. Cappelen
Project duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.7.2018

Almost all developed economies combine a market economy with a welfare state. Two essential roles of the welfare state are to handle inequalities created in markets and to provide insurance for market risks faced by individuals. The sustainability of the welfare state depends critically on its ability to fulfill these roles and to handle the potential trade-off between fairness and efficiency. The research project aims to provide new knowledge about how people perceive fairness in a market setting and what is seen as legitimate ways for the welfare state to respond to inequalities and risks in a market economy.

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Inequality and personal responsibility: The nature of inequality acceptance

Project manager: BERTIL TUNGODDEN
Project duration: 01.08.201631.07.2021

The project will address the following fundamental research question: What explains inequality acceptance? This question will be studied from different perspectives and by the use of a number of empirical approaches, including novel incentivized experiments on nationally representative populations, lab experiments, survey experiments, and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). It is a truly multidisciplinary project that aims at groundbreaking research. 

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Understanding Paternalism

Project manager: ALEXANDER W. CAPPELEN
Project duration: 01.03.2017 - 28.02.2021

The proposed research project will conduct the first ever experiments to systematically examine how people make choices in situations where there is a trade-off between a person's freedom and autonomy and other moral values. The project takes a broader approach to paternalism than the existing literature, by moving beyond the focus of paternalism as being a feature of a hierarchical relationship, between the state and the citizen or between the parent and the child, to also study the nature of paternalistic behavior in nonhierarchical relationships.

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