Astrid Kunze

Professor Astrid Kunze

+47 55 95 97 54
Labour Economics Applied Microeconometrics Public Finance


Astrid Kunze is Professor of Economics at the Norwegian School of Economics in Bergen, Norway. From 2000 to 2002, she was employed as a Research Associate at IZA. She holds a Ph.D. from University College London and an MSc from University of Bielefeld. She also did a traineeship in business economics with Bayer AG Leverkusen. She spent two longer-term research visits in 2006/2007 and 2013/2014 at IZA as a Visiting Research Fellow.

Her main research interests are labour economics and applied micro-econometrics. She is particularly interested in the causal effects of public policies on labour market behavior. Kunze has conducted studies on the evaluation of parental leave policies, child care programmes and cash-for care policies, as well as gender quotas on boards. Another area of her research covers aspects of organizations and diversity in the firm. In her empirical research, she uses large register data applying micro-econometric methods.

She is a contributor to the Handbook on Women and the Economy published with Oxford University Press in 2018. Her research has been published in journals such as the Review of Economics and Statistics, Labour Economics, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Empirical Economics and Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

In 2020, Kunze received a 6-year Grant from the Norwegian Research Council for her project titled Challenges to shaping an inclusive work-life in rapidly changing labour markets: Firms, human capital, and family policy.

In 2022, Kunze was awarded the Inaugural European Economics Association Teaching Award (Senior) for exceptional teaching. The jury consisted of two EEA Council Members and the Education Committee.

Kunze is Research fellow at IZA and CESIfo. 

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Selected publications

Author(s) Title Publisher
Corekcioglu, Gozde; Kunze, Astrid; Francesconi, Marco Do generous parental leave policies help top female earners? Oxford review of economic policy Volume 36 (4); page 882 - 902; 2020
Kunze, Astrid The effect of children on male earnings and inequality Review of Economics of the Household; 2019
Kunze, Astrid The Gender Wage Gap in Developed Countries The Oxford Handbook of Woman and the Economy.; 2017
Kunze, Astrid Types of absence from work and wages of young workers with apprenticeship training. Zeitschrift für Arbeitsmarktforschung Volume 51 (5); 2017
Kunze, Astrid; Miller, Amalia R. Women Helping Women? Evidence from Private Sector Data on Workplace Hierarchies. Review of Economics and Statistics Volume 99 (5); page 769 - 775; 2017
Kunze, Astrid Parental Leave and Maternal Labor Supply. IZA World of Labor Volume 279 (9 pages); 2016
Kunze, Astrid The family gap in career progression Research in Labor Economics Volume 41; page 115 - 142; 2015
Kunze, Astrid; Troske, Kenneth R. Gender Differences in Job Search Among Young Workers: A Study using Displaced Workers in the United States Southern Economic Journal Volume 82 (1); page 185 - 207; 2015
Ejrnæs, Mette; Kunze, Astrid Work and Wage Dynamics around Childbirth The Scandinavian Journal of Economics Volume 115 (3); page 856 - 877; 2013
Kunze, Astrid; Kenneth R., Troske Life-cycle patterns in male/female differences in job search Labour Economics Volume 19 (2); page 176 - 185; 2012
Epstein, Gil S.; Kunze, Astrid; Ward, Melanie HIGH-SKILLED MIGRATION AND THE EXERTION OF EFFORT BY THE LOCAL POPULATION Scottish Journal of Political Economy Volume 56 (3); page 332 - 352; 2009
Kunze, Astrid Gender wage gap studies: consistency and decomposition Empirical Economics Volume 35; page 63 - 76; 2008
Kunze, Astrid; Fitzenberger, Bernd Vocational training and gender: wages and occupational mobility among young workers Oxford review of economic policy Volume 21 (3); page 392 - 415; 2005
Kunze, Astrid The evolution of the gender wage gap Labour Economics Volume 12 (1); page 73 - 97; 2005
More publications in Cristin

Other research interests: Applied Macroeconomics, Corporate Governance, Strategic Management

Research in progress

  • Do generous parental leave policies help top female earners? (joint with Gozde Corekcioglu (Kadir Has University) and Marco Francesconi (University of Essex)), accepted for publication in Oxford Review of Economic Policy.
  • Universal childcare for the youngest and maternal labour supply, joint with Xingfei Liu (University of Alberta)
  • Unintended consequences of gender quotas on boards (joint with Katrin Scharfenkamp (University of Duisburg-Essen))
  • Flexible work arrangements for mothers, joint with Xingfei Liu (University of Alberta).
  • Parental leave from the firms’ perspective (joint with Gozde Corekcioglu (Kadir Has University) and Marco Francesconi (University of Essex))

Other publications in Scandinavian language


Magma Nr. 3 - 2020

Other Academic affiliations

IZA profile page


The Economics of the Firm (VOA 050) 
Applied Macroeconomics (VOA 023)

Diversity in Firms and Ethics (ETI451)
Human Capital, Mobility and Diversity in Firms (STR445) Personnel Economics (STR435)
Introduction to Econometrics (ECN402) 
Topics in Empirical Analysis (ECO433)

Labour Economics

Teaching language: English, Norwegian



In English:

In German:

In Norwegian:

  • Jenter velger annerledes, Intervju i Magma, 2019.
  • Kvinner har feil, menn har potensial, DN, 30 May 2015.
  • I denne likestillingsstatistikk blir vi knust, E24, 25 May 2015.
  • Kvinner hjelper hverandre opp og frem på jobb. Eller?, Aftenposten, 28 Sept. 2014.
  • Derfor sakker kvinner akterut, Finansavisen, 27 Sept. 2014.
  • De lønnsome barn, Finansavisen, 5 May 2014.
  • Høyt utdannede kvinner taper mest på å få barn, DN,, Dec. 2013.
  • Disse kvinnene taper mest på å få barn, E24, Dec. 2013.