Astrid Kunze

Professor Astrid Kunze

+47 55 95 97 54
Macro, Risk and Sustainability Centre CBE Centre for Corporate Finance
Labour Economics Applied Microeconometrics Public Finance Macroeconomics


Astrid Kunze is Professor of Economics at the Norwegian School of Economics in Bergen, Norway. During the academic year 2022/2023, she was visiting as a research professor the University of California Santa Barbara and The Stone Center at University College London.

Her main research interests are labour economics, family economics, gender economics, and applied micro-econometrics. She is particularly interested in the causal effects of public policies on labour market behaviour and firms' behaviour. Kunze has conducted studies on the evaluation of parental leave policies, child care programmes and cash-for care policies, as well as the gender quota on boards. Her current research covers aspects of organisations and diversity in the firm. She is working with large merged register data applying micro-econometric methods.

She is a contributor to the Handbook on Women and the Economy published with Oxford University Press in 2018. Her research has been published in journals such as the Review of Economics and Statistics, Labour Economics, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Empirical Economics and Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

In 2020, Kunze received a 6-year grant from the Norwegian Research Council for her project titled Challenges to shaping an inclusive work-life in rapidly changing labour markets: Firms, human capital, and family policy.

In 2022, Kunze was awarded the Inaugural European Economics Association Teaching Award (Senior) for exceptional teaching. The jury consisted of two EEA Council Members and the Education Committee.

She holds a Ph.D. from University College London and an MSc from University of Bielefeld. From 2000 to 2002, she was employed as a Research Associate at IZA. Before her academic career, she completed a vocational training and business programme with Bayer AG in Leverkusen (Germany).

Kunze is Research fellow at IZA and CESIfo, and Affiliate of the Stone Centre University College London.

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Personal Website

Selected publications

Author(s) Title Publisher
Corekcioglu, Gozde; Kunze, Astrid; Francesconi, Marco Do generous parental leave policies help top female earners? Oxford review of economic policy Volume 36 (4); page 882 - 902; 2020
Kunze, Astrid The effect of children on male earnings and inequality Review of Economics of the Household; 2019
Kunze, Astrid The Gender Wage Gap in Developed Countries The Oxford Handbook of Woman and the Economy.; 2017
Kunze, Astrid Types of absence from work and wages of young workers with apprenticeship training. Zeitschrift für Arbeitsmarktforschung Volume 51 (5); 2017
Kunze, Astrid; Miller, Amalia R. Women Helping Women? Evidence from Private Sector Data on Workplace Hierarchies. Review of Economics and Statistics Volume 99 (5); page 769 - 775; 2017
Kunze, Astrid Parental Leave and Maternal Labor Supply. IZA World of Labor Volume 279 (9 pages); 2016
Kunze, Astrid The family gap in career progression Research in Labor Economics Volume 41; page 115 - 142; 2015
Kunze, Astrid; Troske, Kenneth R. Gender Differences in Job Search Among Young Workers: A Study using Displaced Workers in the United States Southern Economic Journal Volume 82 (1); page 185 - 207; 2015
Ejrnæs, Mette; Kunze, Astrid Work and Wage Dynamics around Childbirth The Scandinavian Journal of Economics Volume 115 (3); page 856 - 877; 2013
Kunze, Astrid; Kenneth R., Troske Life-cycle patterns in male/female differences in job search Labour Economics Volume 19 (2); page 176 - 185; 2012
Epstein, Gil S.; Kunze, Astrid; Ward, Melanie HIGH-SKILLED MIGRATION AND THE EXERTION OF EFFORT BY THE LOCAL POPULATION Scottish Journal of Political Economy Volume 56 (3); page 332 - 352; 2009
Kunze, Astrid Gender wage gap studies: consistency and decomposition Empirical Economics Volume 35; page 63 - 76; 2008
Kunze, Astrid; Fitzenberger, Bernd Vocational training and gender: wages and occupational mobility among young workers Oxford review of economic policy Volume 21 (3); page 392 - 415; 2005
Kunze, Astrid The evolution of the gender wage gap Labour Economics Volume 12 (1); page 73 - 97; 2005
More publications in Cristin

Other research interests: Applied Macroeconomics, Corporate Governance, Strategic Management

Research in progress

  • Expansions in Paid Parental Leave and Mothers' Economic Progress, joint with Gozde Corekcioglu (Kadir Has University) and Marco Francesconi (University of Essex). Submitted.
  • Gender Differences in the Effectiveness of Hiring Subsidies for Young Unemployed, joint with Marta Palczyńska (Institute for Structural Research (IBS)), Iga Magda (Institute for Structural Research (IBS)). Submitted.
  • The Importance of Co-Determination for Gender Diversity in the Boardroom, joint with Katrin Scharfenkamp (University of Bielefeld). Reject and Resubmit at Industrial Relations.
  • Flexible work arrangements for mothers, joint with Xingfei Liu (University of Alberta).
  • Parental leave from the firms’ perspective (joint with Gozde Corekcioglu (Kadir Has University) and Marco Francesconi (University of Essex))
  • The Impact of Firms on the Relative Pay of Women Across Countries, joint with Marco G. Palladino (Bank of Finance), Antoine Bertheau (NHH), Alexander Hijzen (OECD) and Cesar Barreto, Dogan Gülümser, Marta Lachowska, Anne Sophie Lassen, Benjamin Lochner, Stefano Lombardi, Jordy Meekes, Balazs Murakozy)

Other publications in Scandinavian language


  • Associate Editor at the European Economic Review
  • Guest Editor of the Special Conference Issue in EALE in Labour Economics, EALE 2024
  • Editor of the special issue on Women and Top Leadership (in Norwegian) in Magma Nr. 3 - 2020
  • Editor of Yrke, karriär och lön - kvinnors og mäns olika villkor på den svenska arbetsmarknaden, SOU 2014: 81, Forskningsrapport for Swedish Government, joint with Karin Thorburn.

Other Academic affiliations


The Economics of the Firm (VOA 050) 
Applied Macroeconomics (VOA 023)

Diversity in Firms and Ethics (ETI451)
Human Capital, Mobility and Diversity in Firms (STR445) Personnel Economics (STR435)
Introduction to Econometrics (ECN402) 
Topics in Empirical Analysis (ECO433)

Labour Economics

Teaching language: English, Norwegian



In English:

In German:

In Norwegian:

  • Jenter velger annerledes, Intervju i Magma, 2019.
  • Kvinner har feil, menn har potensial, DN, 30 May 2015.
  • I denne likestillingsstatistikk blir vi knust, E24, 25 May 2015.
  • Kvinner hjelper hverandre opp og frem på jobb. Eller?, Aftenposten, 28 Sept. 2014.
  • Derfor sakker kvinner akterut, Finansavisen, 27 Sept. 2014.
  • De lønnsome barn, Finansavisen, 5 May 2014.
  • Høyt utdannede kvinner taper mest på å få barn, DN,, Dec. 2013.
  • Disse kvinnene taper mest på å få barn, E24, Dec. 2013.