Astrid Kunze

Professor Astrid Kunze

+47 55 95 97 54
Personal Economics Labour Economics Applied micro-economics public finance personnel economics


Astrid Kunze is Professor of Economics at the Norwegian School of Economics in Bergen, Norway. From 2000 to 2002, she was employed as a Research Associate at IZA. She holds a Ph.D. from University College London and an MSc from University of Bielefeld. She also did a traineeship in business economics with Bayer AG Leverkusen. She spent two research visits in 2006/2007 and 2013/2014 at IZA as a Visiting Research Fellow.

Her main research interests are labour economics and applied micro-econometrics. She is particularly interested in the causal effects of public policies on labour market behavior. Kunze has conducted studies on the evaluation of parental leave policies, child care programmes and cash-for care policies, as well as gender quotas on boards. Another area of her research covers aspects of organizations and diversity in the firm. In her empirical research, she uses large register data applying micro-econometric methods.

She is a contributor to the Handbook on Women and the Economy published with Oxford University Press in 2018.  Her research has been published in journals such as the Review of Economics and Statistics, Labour Economics, Oxford Review of Economics Policy, Empirical Economics and Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

Kunze is Research fellow at IZA and CESIfo. 
She is also a member of the CEMS Gender and Diversity Management group.

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Selected publications

Author(s) Title Publisher
Kunze, Astrid The Gender Wage Gap in Developed Countries The Oxford Handbook of Woman and the Economy.; 2017
Kunze, Astrid Types of absence from work and wages of young workers with apprenticeship training. Zeitschrift für Arbeitsmarktforschung Volume 51 (5); 2017
Kunze, Astrid; Miller, Amalia R. Women Helping Women? Evidence from Private Sector Data on Workplace Hierarchies. Review of Economics and Statistics Volume 99 (5); page 769 - 775; 2017
Kunze, Astrid Parental Leave and Maternal Labor Supply. IZA World of Labor Volume 279 (9 pages); 2016
Kunze, Astrid The family gap in career progression Research in Labor Economics Volume 41; page 115 - 142; 2015
Kunze, Astrid; Troske, Kenneth R. Gender Differences in Job Search Among Young Workers: A Study using Displaced Workers in the United States Southern Economic Journal Volume 82 (1); page 185 - 207; 2015
Ejrnæs, Mette; Kunze, Astrid Work and Wage Dynamics around Childbirth The Scandinavian Journal of Economics Volume 115 (3); page 856 - 877; 2013
Kunze, Astrid; Kenneth R., Troske Life-cycle patterns in male/female differences in job search Labour Economics Volume 19 (2); page 176 - 185; 2012
Epstein, Gil S.; Kunze, Astrid; Ward, Melanie HIGH-SKILLED MIGRATION AND THE EXERTION OF EFFORT BY THE LOCAL POPULATION Scottish Journal of Political Economy Volume 56 (3); page 332 - 352; 2009
Kunze, Astrid Gender wage gap studies: consistency and decomposition Empirical Economics Volume 35; page 63 - 76; 2008
Kunze, Astrid; Fitzenberger, Bernd Vocational training and gender: wages and occupational mobility among young workers Oxford review of economic policy Volume 21 (3); page 392 - 415; 2005
Kunze, Astrid The evolution of the gender wage gap Labour Economics Volume 12 (1); page 73 - 97; 2005
More publications in Cristin

Other research interests: Applied Macroeconomics, Corporate Governance, Strategic Management

Research in progress

  • Universal childcare for the youngest and maternal labour supply, joint with Xingfei Liu (University of Alberta)
  • Flexible Work Arrangements for Mothers, joint with Xingfei Liu (University of Alberta)
  • Women and Boards, joint with Katrin Scharfenkamp (University of Tűbingen)
  • The effect of having children on male earnings and earnings inequality (invited to revise and resubmit to the Review of  Economics of the Household)
  • Parental leave and firms, joint with Gozde Corekcioglu (European University Institute) and Marco Francesconi (University of Essex))


The Economics of the Firm (SAM19)
Applied Macroeconomics

Diversity in Firms and Ethics (ETI451)
Human Capital, Mobility and Diversity in Firms (STR435)
Introduction to Econometrics (ECN402)
Topics in Empirical Analysis (ECO433)

Econometrics (ECS503)
Labour Economics, Statistics

Teaching language: English, Norwegian



In English:

In German:

In Norwegian:

  • Kvinner har feil, menn har potensial, DN, 30 May 2015.
  • I denne likestillingsstatistikk blir vi knust, E24, 25 May 2015.
  • Kvinner hjelper hverandre opp og frem på jobb. Eller?, Aftenposten, 28 Sept. 2014.
  • Derfor sakker kvinner akterut, Finansavisen, 27 Sept. 2014.
  • De lønnsome barn, Finansavisen, 5 May 2014.
  • Høyt utdannede kvinner taper mest på å få barn, DN,, Dec. 2013.
  • Disse kvinnene taper mest på å få barn, E24, Dec. 2013.