Topics for Master Theses

Topics for Master Theses

We are always interested in working with Master students on their theses. Currently we are offering the following topics. Note that the topics described in Norwegian require Norwegian language skills.

  • Economics of organization and management control

    Economics of organization and management control

    Including the use of bonus pay (case studies or across companies), how to measure performance, balanced scorecard (or alternative ways to use key performance indicators for management control purposes), drivers of profitability in an industry or a company, beyond budgeting, transfer pricing, and organizational boundaries.

    Supervisor: Iver Bragelien and Malin Arve.

  • Topics on Organizational Economics and Industrial Organization

    Topics on Organizational Economics and Industrial Organization

    Some examples from the past:

    • Om kontrakter og incentiver i ERP-implementering
    • En teoretisk analyse av innovasjonsinsentivene i Posten Norge AS
    • Digitalisering i Bygg- og anleggsnæringen
    • Kundelojalitetsprogrammer i det norske dagligvaremarkedet
    • Utviklingen av markedsstrukturen i den norske dagligvarebransjen
    • Lønnsomhetsforskjeller i større foretak (norsk møbelbransje)

    Supervisor: Trond E. Olsen and Malin Arve.

  • MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND FIRMS

    MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND FIRMS

    Background:

    We know very little about the management practices in Norway. International data have shown that great differences exist between family businesses, multinationals and that the public sector has relatively worse management practices. Questions related to measurement and comparison of management practices invite to a great number of research ideas for a master thesis. You can explore  existing data sets, and create extended data by merging additional firm level information.

    Key references:

    Corecon. Empirical Project 6: Measuring Management Practices

    Data: World Management Survey

    Suitable for profiles: ECN, FIN, STR.

    Supervisor: Astrid Kunze

  • HOW CAN WE EXPLAIN CEO PAY?

    HOW CAN WE EXPLAIN CEO PAY?

    Background:

    There is a widespread suspicion that top managers and other key person are overpaid. They are frequently lavishly rewarded when the firm is lucky and not penalized when the firm is unlucky. Some receive discretionary severance pay that the firms are not committed to pay. Pay structure and level seem to depend on the owner structure. There are a large set of observations that are puzzling if you believe that owners should provide cost efficient incentives to managers. The project might examine pay structure in a particular industry or across countries and compare observations with empirical predictions from analytical models.

    Key references:

    Bebchuk, L. A. and J. M. Fried (2004) Pay without performance: The unfulfilled promise of executive compensation, Harvard University Press

    Data: TBD

    Suitable for profiles: ECO, ECN, FIN

    Supervisor: Eirik Gaard Kristiansen

  • TECHNOLOGY MARKETS: HOW TO (NOT) SELL TECHNOLOGIES?

    TECHNOLOGY MARKETS: HOW TO (NOT) SELL TECHNOLOGIES?

    Background:

    The best innovators are often not the best producers. Many patented technologies with different owners need to be used together in order to produce a valuable product. Consequently, there should be a vivid market for technology transactions. However, many claim that the market is smaller than expected and not working very well. Knowhow is not easy to sell: None are willing to buy something before they have seen it, and when they have seen it (and can use it) why should they pay for it? Will the patent system solve the problem or can patenting prevent investments in new technologies. You might use Apple (or another firm) as a motivating example for a study of how firms might organize sales and purchases of technologies?

    Key references:

    Bessen, J. and M.J. Meurer, (2008) Patent failure: How judges, bureaucrats, and lawyers put innovation at risk, Princeton University Press.

    Jaffe, A. B. and J. Lerner (2004): Innovation and its Discontents: How our broken patent system is endangering innovation and progress, and what to do about it, Princeton University Press

    Data: TBD

    Suitable for profiles: ECO, ECN, FIN, STR

    Supervisor: Eirik Gaard Kristiansen

  • Technological progress and innovations

    Technological progress and innovations

    Technological progress and innovations are closely linked to investment. Investment in new capital may increase both capacity or productivity, since new capital embodies the latest technology. Corrado et al. (2005) argue that measurement of capital should include both tangible and intangible assets, where the latter include intellectual property rights, such as patents, design and trademarks. The literature on the measurement of intangibles has focused on broadening the conceptualization of what constitute a capital investment, developing measures of intangibles at the macro level and, more recently, at the firm level.

    In this master thesis the students can investigate the dynamics of, and interrelationships between, input and output variables in the periods before, during, and after an investment in intangible assets (a discrete event), such as the filing of a patent application or a trademark. Specifically, the thesis will investigate how this event affects the firm’s labour productivity and growth (relative to the industry average). Moreover, it will investigate whether the new intangible capital affects the skill composition of the labour force. Following Nilsen et al. (2008), an explorative econometric approach will be adapted. The data used in the thesis will be primarily registry data from Statistics Norway, such as intellectual property rights registers, accounting data and merged employer-employee data.

    As the data include highly sensitive information, it is necessary to apply for access to the data.

    Supervisor: Øivind Anti Nilsen

  • Women and innovation in Europe

    Women and innovation in Europe

    It can be empirically observed that women are underrepresented in science and research. This is likely to have negative consequences for firm productivity and economic growth because talent is not used efficiently. The aim of the Master Theses is to analyze the female share among inventors within Europe. What is the female share in Europe today? How did it develop over time? How does it differ across Europe? Why does it differ? How can it be increased?

    Supervisor: Steffen Juranek.

  • Predicting patent litigation

    Predicting patent litigation

    The aim of the topic is to use state-of-the-art machine learning techniques to predict which patents will be pursued at court. Such a model could help big technology companies managing their patent portfolio or insurance companies to price litigation insurance contracts.

    Supervisor: Steffen Juranek.

  • DIVERSITY IN FIRMS, WOMEN AND SCIENCE

    DIVERSITY IN FIRMS, WOMEN AND SCIENCE

    Background:

    There are many new data sets documenting the gender composition in the STEM fields that provide a wealth of information for a master thesis. There are also policies implemented that could be discussed and evaluated, if one gets access to the data.

    Data: Data can be accessed in cooperation with a research project by Astrid Kunze. Interested students are welcome to get in touch.

    Other data sources are accessible for research in Norway (SSB) or Germany (IAB) or Europe.

    Suitable for profiles:ECN, FIN, STR.

    Supervisor: Astrid Kunze

  • GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LABOUR MARKETS

    GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LABOUR MARKETS

    Background:

    Despite the fact that great gender convergence in employment is observed in labour markets, large gender differences remain. Women earn 16 per cent on average less in terms of hourly wages than men in the EU. Women also work in very different occupation and industries than men. True, if we compare men and women in the same job and in the same firm, we find very small wage differences; however, very few men and women work in the same job in the same firm. There are many more differences in labour markets between men and women which invites to important research questions suitable for a masterthesis. You could look for questions related to graduates in economics and business administration (use data from NHH. e.g.). You could study questions at the national level for Norway or another country, or internationally. International evidence is very important to learn and valuable to your career if you work, for example, in a company that does trade with EU and the world. Germany is a country important to learn about, since it is one of the main trading partners of Norway, followed by the UK etc.

    Data:

    •   SIAB (German register data, employer-employee matched panel, 1975-2015

    •   SOEP (Socio Economic Panel for Germany, 1984-2016)

    Mikrodata.no at NSD provides access to the Norwegian register data

    •    NHH annual graduate survey

    Suitable for profiles: ECN, FIN, STR

    Supervisor: Astrid Kunze

  • HUMAN CAPITAL, APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING, ASPIRATIONS TO SUCCESS, YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT AND YOUTH LABOUR MARKETS

    HUMAN CAPITAL, APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING, ASPIRATIONS TO SUCCESS, YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT AND YOUTH LABOUR MARKETS

    Background:

    How can family-work balance be improved? Why is the female employment rate so high in Scandinavia? In this area of research, we know relatively little on what workplace practices work, which ones families want, how and which ones firms efficiently employ them. Empirical data with new information on work place practices assist to evaluate related questions on employees (labour supply) and employers (labour demand).

    Other related questions: wage setting, wage differences, mobility in labour markets

    Data:

    •    European Work-place practice survey

    •    SIAB (German register data, employer-employee matched panel, 1975-2015)

    •      SOEP (Socio Economic Panel for Germany, 1984-2016)

    •      LIPP (data set for Germany, access has to be arranged 4-6 weeks in advance, a little bit challenging to work with since accessible only on side in Nuernberg, or by remote access, short visit at the data center and short onsite training possible.)

    •      Mikrodata.no at NSD provides access to the Norwegian register data

    •       Pisa Study contains data on aspirations across countries for some years

    Suitable for profiles: ECN, FIN, STR

    Supervisor:  Astrid Kunze

  • Investments and uncertainty

    Investments and uncertainty

    Understanding the driving forces behind investment in equipment and machinery has always been important. Firms increase and renew their capital stock through investment, and investment is approx. 20% of GDP. Furthermore, the volatility of investment expenditure is an important contributor to aggregate fluctuations. But what drives the investment, and in particular how are investment decisions affected by uncertainty? This master thesis deals with how to measure uncertainty, and how does the relationship between firm level investment and uncertainty evolve over time. The data are provided by Statistics Norway.

    As the data include highly sensitive information, it is necessary to apply for access to the data.

    Supervisor: Øivind Anti Nilsen

  • Reduction in Norwegian milk production: Farmers' income and profitability in the agriculture industry

    Reduction in Norwegian milk production: Farmers' income and profitability in the agriculture industry

    The Norwegian authorities want to reduce milk production in Norway by 100 million litres by 2020 and 2021. This poses major challenges to the each farmer, the whole industry, and for Tine – Norway's largest producer, distributor and exporter of dairy products owned by the farmers and being the market regulator in Norway. A model has already been developed in AMPL to simulate the effect of reduced milk production for different types of farms and producers. The idea is to use this model to do simulations with different assumptions (quota, area, district etc.) and see how 7-8% reduced milk quota will affect different types of farms in Norway. What will be an optimal adjustment for the farmer? Furthermore, what will the macro effect be of a substantially large reduction in production?

    This is a quantitative master thesis for which the diary cooperation Tine will provide data. Several master thesis have previously been written at NHH in cooperation with TINE.

    Supervisor: Øivind Anti Nilsen

  • Productivity and technological changes

    Productivity and technological changes

    The Norwegian agriculture sector is constantly changing. The number of farms is declining while milk production is fairly constant. Much of this is due to technological changes. More recently we have seen the introduction of milking robots (automatic milking systems). The new equipment also changes the working routines of the farmers. Although the labour input increases as a result of the new technology, the working day becomes more flexible, with better opportunities to combine family and work. The empirical analyses can focus on profitability and resource use related to milk robots and/or to changes in labour input and flexibility in everyday life.

    The necessary datasets will be made available by the diary cooperation Tine. Several papers have previously been written at NHH in cooperation with this project.

    Supervisor: Øivind Anti Nilsen

  • Competition in the banking industry

    Competition in the banking industry

    The potential trade-off between competition and stability of the banking sector is of great concern for policy makers, regulators, and academics around the world. The banking system, and in particular the risk taking of banks, affects the financial stability of the economy. Severe financial crises may arise if banks systematically take too much risk. Students can write an empirical thesis and use very detailed data about banks’ lending portfolios to Norwegian firms, and these firms’ income and balance sheet information.

    The details about the research question will be finalised together with the students. As the data include highly sensitive information, it is necessary to apply for access to the data.

    Supervisor: Øivind Anti Nilsen

  • REGULATION OF FINANCIAL MARKETS: HOW CAN THE POLITICAL PROCESS PRODUCE VERY DIFFERENT REGULATIONS ACROSS COUNTRIES?

    REGULATION OF FINANCIAL MARKETS: HOW CAN THE POLITICAL PROCESS PRODUCE VERY DIFFERENT REGULATIONS ACROSS COUNTRIES?

    Background: 

    Improved financial market regulation ensure that information is widely spread and investors can trust information and contracts. However, not all parties benefit from better regulation. For example, some established firms dislike that new entrants obtain financing, demand for labour may increase which again will increase wages.  In an influential book, Rajan and Zingales describe how financial regulation across countries can be explained by political forces in favour and against better regulation. A possible project would be to discuss how strong labour unions, industry structure, openness to trade and other institutional characteristics can explain the current regulation in Norway. The project might combine insights from analytical approaches discussed in Tirole with the empirical literature discussed in the book by Rajan and Zingales.

    Key references:

    Rajan R. G. and L. Zingales (2003), Saving capitalism from the capitalists Princeton University Press.

    Tirole, J (2006) The theory of Corporate Finance, see chapter 16 on Institutions, Public Policy and the Political Economy of Finance, Princeton University Press.

    Data: TBD

    Suitable for profiles: ECO, ECN, FIN

    Supervisor: Eirik Gaard Kristiansen

  • IS THE MARKET FOR SPORT INSURANCE CHARACTERIZED BY ADVERSE SELECTION/MORAL HAZARD?(2)

    IS THE MARKET FOR SPORT INSURANCE CHARACTERIZED BY ADVERSE SELECTION/MORAL HAZARD?(2)

    Background:

    In Norway, everybody who is an active member of a sports club is obliged to take a basic sport accident insurance.  This covers amateur and professional sports players who may be injured while playing sport. The policy covers the players during the recognised competition time or during club approved training. Most sporting clubs require players to take out insurance policies, and the cost of the premium for these is covered at the time of player registration. The insurance (partially) covers the cost of diagnosis and treatment in case of accident injury or repetitive strain injury.  In Norway, sports members can voluntarily sign for an extended coverage (“utvidet lisens”) which provides extended coverage.  The thesis would map the market for sport accident insurance and test for adverse selection/moral hazard on this market.

    Key references:

    Einav L and A Finkelstein (2011) Selection in insurance markets: Theory and empirics in pictures, Journal of economic Perspectives 25, 115-138; Einav L, A Finkelstein and M Cullen (2010) Estimating welfare in insurance markets using variation in prices, Quarterly Journal of Economics 125, 877-921.

    Data: Subscription data from various sports organizations and their insurers.

    Suitable for profiles: ECO, ECN

    Supervisor: Fred Schroyen

  • HOW EFFECTIVE ARE THE NORWEGIAN INCENTIVE SCHEMES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES?

    HOW EFFECTIVE ARE THE NORWEGIAN INCENTIVE SCHEMES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES?

    Background:

    Several countries, including U.S.A., Canada and Norway, have introduced incentives to encourage the sale of electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles. There is a debate over the effectiveness of these policies in achieving the desired policy goals, such as reductions in CO2 emissions. The Norwegian incentive scheme is notable for high subsidies as well as other extensive benefits, including exemption from the registration tax, free toll roads, free parking, and programs for building charging stations. More detailed knowledge about the effects of specific parts of the incentive scheme would be helpful, both to inform possible improvements of the incentive schemes, but also for planning purposes in businesses and local governments. There are several open questions regarding the effect of the rich incentive scheme. One question regards how much the different policies contribute to increasing electric vehicle sales. A related question is whether they have differential impact on which modes of transportation consumers substitute away from, e.g., whether consumers substitute away from regular cars, public transport and biking, both at the intensive and the extensive margin. A master thesis on this topic could focus on one or several specific policies and subquestions.

    Key references:

    Fearnley et al (2015): "E-vehicle policies and incentives - assessment and recommendations", TØI report 1421/2015; Chandra et al (2010): "Green drivers or free riders? An analysis of tax rebates for hybrids vehicles", Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 60: 78-93; Holtsmark (2012): "Elbilpolitikken - virker den etter hensikten?", Samfunnsøkonomen 5: 4-11

    Data: Detailed data about car ownership including some usage measures per vehicle can be provided by the supervisor, in addition to data on tollroads and charging stations.

    Suitable for profiles: ECO, ECN, ENE, BUS, FIE, INB

    Supervisor: Morten Sæthre

  • ESTIMATION OF THE PRICE ELASTICITY OF THE DEMAND FOR FOOD, ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO, AND OTHER COMMODITY GROUPS IN NORWAY

    ESTIMATION OF THE PRICE ELASTICITY OF THE DEMAND FOR FOOD, ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO, AND OTHER COMMODITY GROUPS IN NORWAY

    Background:

    This project aims to estimate a demand system for various commodity groups (food and non-alcoholic drinks, alcohol and tobacco, clothing, transport, etc) based on budget survey data collected by statistics Norway.  The objective is to establish precise estimates for the price elasticities. These elasticities will determine the efficiency loss of implied by the indirect tax system (value added taxes and excise taxes), and the distribution of these efficiency losses across the income distribution.   In this project, various specifications for the demand system can be tried out and tested against each other.  Next, efficiency losses can be computed.  This project is within the field of applied microeconomics.  It combines microeconomic theory (demand theory) with data analysis

    Key references:

    Banks J, R Blundell and A Lewbel (1996) “Tax reform and welfare measurement: do we need demand system estimation?” Economic Journal 106: 1227-1241.

    Data:  Household budget surveys conducted by Statistics Norway (available through NSD). Price index statistics constructed by Statistics Norway.

    Suitable for profiles: ECO, ECN (experience with STATA is required)

    Supervisor: Fred Schroyen

  • Topics on procurement and procurement strategies

    Topics on procurement and procurement strategies

    Eksempler på temaer kan være anbudsevaluering I praksis, konsekvensene av en utestenging av Huawei, analyse av en kommunes innkjøpsstrategi, hvordan ta miljøhensyn (eller sosiale hensyn) i innkjøp, evaluering av kompetanse og komptansebehov hos innkjøpere, etc.

    Supervisor: Malin Arve.

  • ADVERSE SELECTION WITH COSTLY VERIFICATION

    ADVERSE SELECTION WITH COSTLY VERIFICATION

    Background:

    The problem of adverse selection can alter the operation of markets in fundamental ways; for example, as in Akerlof's lemon market where used-car sellers have private information about the quality of cars, only low-quality cars will predominate in the market, because sellers would not be compensated for offering good-quality cars. Although the problem stems from asymmetric information, little attention has been paid to how sellers might supply information (or provide evidence) to mitigate asymmetric information problems. Intuitively, if they can, sellers who own good-quality cars are willing to provide hard evidence, in order to discriminate from lemon sellers. However, such a verification process is often costly. How this trade-off affects sellers' incentive to provide evidence? More generally, is the option of providing evidence useful in mitigating the problem of adverse selection?

    Key references:

    (1) Paul Milgrom (2008) "What the Seller won't Tell You: Persuasion and Disclosure in Markets", Journal of Economic Perspectives.

    (2) Eddie Dekel's slides for presidential address in EEA-ESEM 2016.

    Suitable for profiles:  ECN, MBM, STR, ECO

    Supervisor: Chang-Koo Chi

  • STRATEGIC RESOURCE DEPENDENCE WITH ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION

    STRATEGIC RESOURCE DEPENDENCE WITH ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION

    Background:

    Consider a dynamic bargaining problem between a buyer and a seller in exhaustible-resource markets. The resource (e.g., oil) seller is better informed about its reserve than the buyer, and determines supply of the recourse strategically in that the seller wants to increase the buyer's dependence on the resource to strengthen her bargaining power. The buyer is also strategic; he has an option to develop an alternative resource (a backstop technology) to reduce his dependence on the resource, but there is a time-to-build delay for developing the technology. It would be interesting to see how strategic behaviors and asymmetric information affect the equilibrium price dynamics. The result may also suggest a policy implication for oil-producing countries. 

    Key references:

    For survey, refer to Gerard Gaudet (2007) "Natural Resource Economics under the Rule of Hotelling", Canadian Journal of Economics. For recent contributions, refer to Gerlagh and Liski (2013) "Strategic Resource Dependence", Journal of Economic Theory

    Suitable for profiles:  ECN, ENE, STR, ECO

    Supervisor: Chang-Koo Chi

  • En kritisk evaluering av Statens Innkjøpssenter

    En kritisk evaluering av Statens Innkjøpssenter

    Statens innkjøpssenter ble opprettet i 2016 som en fireårig prøveordning, og skal inngå og forvalte fellesavtaler på vegne av sivile virksomheter i statlig sektor. Målet med innkjøpssenteret er mer profesjonelle, effektive og enkle innkjøpsprosesser, samt bedre og gunstigere innkjøp.

    For staten ventes sentrale rammeavtaler å gi lavere priser, reduserte transaksjonskostnader, økt bruk av elektronisk handel og bedre regelverksetterlevelse. I januar kom den offisielle evalueringen. Den har jeg kritisert i DN. Denne masteroppgaven vil evaluere hvor god evalueringen var og bygge videre på/forbedre den.

    Kilder

    Supervisor: Malin Arve.

  • Den offentlige innkjøper som en viktig samfunnsaktør

    Den offentlige innkjøper som en viktig samfunnsaktør

    Norge bruker over 500 mrd. kroner årlig på offentlige anskaffelser. En offentlig innkjøper sitter således med store muligheter til å bidra i arbeidet mot arbeidslivskriminialtet og sosial dumping/svart økonomi. Allerede i formålsparagrafen i lov om offentlige anskaffelser (LOA) er innkjøper forpliktet til å i vareta samfunnsmessige hensyn. I sin behandling påpekte Stortinget at dette også betydde kampen mot arbeidslivskriminalitet.  Regelverket gir et stort handlingsrom for innkjøper. Spørsmålet blir hvordan kommunale og fylkeskommunale enheter i Norge bruker dette handlingsrommet. Ledelsesforankring er et viktig stikkord her. Uten en forankring på alle plan (politiske vedtak osv.) vil innkjøper møte større utfordringer. 

    Hvilke strategidokumenter har innkjøper utarbeidet, og blir disse fulgt? Vi har fått mange ulike modeller som er politisk vedtatt (f.eks. Oslomodellen). Er det mulig å se noen resultater av disse? Hva med ""10 gode grep"" som ble utarbeidet. Er denne blitt brukt, og hvordan? Noen kommuner og offentlige organisasjoner har hatt problemer i forbindelse med mulig arbeidslivskriminalitet og sosial dumping (f.eks. måtte en kontrakt lyses ut på nytt av Helse Bergen etter at leverandør kastet inn kortene. I dette tilfelle hadde Helse Bergen allerede blitt advart om at det valgte tilbudet «luktet» social dumping. En daglig leder i et malerfirma måtte for noen måneder siden møte i retten, tiltalt for å ha organisert svart arbeid på Stortinget) Har disse hendelsene gitt noen endringer/forbedringer i organisasjonen og dens innkjøpsstrategi?

    Data: Casebasert oppgave.

    Starting Point: Ta kontakt med relevante aktører (Difi, Bergen (eller annen) kommunes innkjøpsavdeling, Helse Bergen, KS,…) Bjørnstad, Winger Eggen og Tofteng, 2016. Samlet vurdering av satsingene mot sosial dumping og arbeidslivskriminalitet, Rapport nr. 54-2016, Samfunnsøkonomisk analyse AS

    In cooperation with Skatteetaten.

    Supervisor: Malin Arve.

  • Sentralisering vs. desentralisering av innkjøp

    Sentralisering vs. desentralisering av innkjøp

    Difi ved Statens innkjøpssenter har inngått fem nasjonale rammeavtaler som den offentlige sektoren i Norge kan benytte. Difi snakker om store besparelser og estimerer besparelsen til å være cirka 230 millioner kroner i året. Samtidig advarer Konkurransetilsynet og Lars Sørgård for at sentraliserte innkjøp kan slå feil og at det er fare for svekket konkurranse.

    Hva er fordeler og ulemper ved sentralisering av innkjøp (i staten men også i bedrifter og organisasjoner)? I lys av teori og forskning på området, hvor store besparelser kan vi egentlig snakket om i Statens innkjøpssenter?

    Data: Innkjøpsavtaler inngått gjennom Statens innkjøpssenter, intervju av innkjøpere (både sentralt i Difi og ute i offentlige institusjoner i Norge)

    Starting Point:

    Fra media:

    Staten sparer stort på felles innkjøp – hittil om lag 230 mill.

    Stordriftsfordeler som blir ulemper

    Hvordan vet Difi hva din virksomhet vil spare på felles innkjøpsavtaler?

    Analyser og forskning:

    Centralised and decentralized public procurement, OECD

    When Should Procurement Be Centralized? Dimitri, Dini and Piga, in Handbook of Procurement (available in Malin’s office)

    Flexible  Strategies  for  Centralized  Public Procurement, by Albano and Sparro (2010), Review of Economics and Institutions

    Assessing the efficiency of centrliazed public procurement in the Brazilian ICT sector

    Supervisor: Malin Arve.

  • Lønnsomheten i kollektivnæringen

    Lønnsomheten i kollektivnæringen

    In cooperation with Skyss.

    Skyss har i dag en rekke operatører som drifter buss-, båt- og ferjerutene i Hordaland. Prisene på de ulike kontraktene bestemmes på forhånd i anbudsprosesser, og det er ikke gitt at operatørene vil tjene penger på kontraktene. Er det bestemte kjennetegn på de operatørene som tjener penger og de som taper penger? Er det forskjell i lønnsomhet hos store og små operatører? Finnes det for eksempel stordriftsfordeler i kollektivnæringen som gir større operatører en fordel? Og er det forskjeller i lønnsomhet for små og store kontrakter? Dette er noen av spørsmålene som kan besvares ved å velge å skrive en oppgave om lønnsomheten til selskaper i kollektivnæringen.

    Merk! Vi i Skyss har informasjon om kontraktskostnader og rapporterte kontraktsregnskap fra operatør. Vi har også tilgang til nøkkeltallsrapporter, regnskaps- og balansetall for operatør levert fra kredittvurderingsselskap. Her kan det være aktuelt å innhente mer informasjon ved å samarbeide med operatører i bransjen.

    Contact: Malin Arve.

  • Prissegmentering

    Prissegmentering

    In cooperation with Skyss.

    Store aktører innen transport som SAS, Norwegian og VY driver aktivt med prissegmentering på billetter. Er dette noe Skyss også burde innføre i større grad enn i dag? Store deler av passasjerene benytter seg av kollektivtransport i rushtiden. Vil ulike priser i og utenfor rushtiden føre til at reisestrømmen i løpet av en dag jevnes ut? Vil det være lønnsomt å senke billettprisene i tidsrommene svært få benytter kollektivtransport for å øke antall reisende? Bør prisene for eksempel senkes i sommerferien? Hva slags segmenteringsstrategi bør i så fall Skyss benytte? Hva er de økonomiske effektene av prissegmentering på Skyss sine kostnader og inntekter?

    Contact: Malin Arve.

  • Kost-nytte analyse knyttet til kollektivtransporten i Bergen

    Kost-nytte analyse knyttet til kollektivtransporten i Bergen

    In cooperation with Skyss.

    Er det samfunnsmessig lønnsomt å tilby kollektivtransport? Hvilke samfunnsmessige kostnader kan knyttes til utvikling og drift av kollektivtransport og hvilken samfunnsøkonomisk nytte blir generert? Hvilke aktører betaler for kollektivtransporten og hvem drar nytte av den?

    Contact: Malin Arve.

  • Sikring av drivstoffkostnader i Skyss

    Sikring av drivstoffkostnader i Skyss

    In cooperation with Skyss.

    Skyss har ansvar for å følge opp ulike transportkontrakter på flere hundre millioner kroner. En av de viktigste kostnadsdriverne i kontraktene er drivstoffkostnader, der prisutviklingen kan gi store millionbeløp i utslag på de totale kostnadene. Hvordan kan Skyss sikre drivstoffkostnadene? Hvordan bør man rigge seg til for å sikre drivstoffkostnader på en strukturert måte og hvilke verktøy, rutiner, strategier og beslutninger fungerer best? Skyss vil i fremtiden ha en drivstoffmiks bestående av elektrisk drivstoff, biodiesel, biogass, autodiesel og marinegass/olje. Det kan derfor velges om studentene vil konsentrerer seg om én eller flere av disse variantene.

    Contact: Malin Arve.

  • Økonomisk analyse knyttet til konkurrerende transportformer i Bergen

    Økonomisk analyse knyttet til konkurrerende transportformer i Bergen

    In cooperation with Skyss.

    Kostnader, reisetid og komfort er blant faktorene som påvirker individers valg av transportmiddel. Et bredt flertall på Stortinget har gjennom Nasjonal Transportplan blitt enige om et felles mål om at veksten i persontrafikken skal tas med miljøvennlige transportformer som kollektivtransport, sykkel og gange. Det er vedtatt ambisiøse mål for veksten i kollektivtrafikken og dermed også for Skyss, og det vil være interessant og kartlegge utviklingen i både kollektivtransporten og de konkurrerende transportformene. Hvordan har konkurranseevnene til de enkelte transportformene i Bergen utviklet seg de siste 5-10 årene og hvordan ser utsiktene ut fremover?

    Contact: Malin Arve.

  • Evaluering av prissetting av kvalitet som alternativ til scoring

    Evaluering av prissetting av kvalitet som alternativ til scoring

    Majoriteten av offentlige anbudskonkurranser bruker scoring (dvs. forskjellige dimensjoner som pris og kvalitet blir omgjort til score og anbudet med høyest score vinner), men nyere forskning foreslår prissetting av kvalitet som en bedre alternativ. Sykehusinnkjøp har akkurat begynt med den type evaluering og masteroppgaven vil være i tett samarbeid med de.

    I samarbeid med Sykehusinnkjøp.

    Supervisor: Malin Arve.

  • Prosessorienterte anskaffelser

    Prosessorienterte anskaffelser

    I samarbeid med Sykehusinnkjøp.

    Supervisor: Malin Arve.

  • Telenor-boten

    Telenor-boten

    Konkurransetilsynet gav i juni Telenor 788 mill. i bot. De mener Telenor har misbrukt sin markedsmakt ved å forhindre at et tredje mobilnett ble utbygd, og ilegger selskapet 788 millioner i overtredelsesgebyr. Telenor nekter for å ha gjort noe galt. Hva ligger bak denne boten? Er den korrekt?

    Krav: God bakgrunn i IO. Konkurranserett bra, men ikke nødvendig.

    Supervisor: Øystein Foros.

  • Telia-Get fusjonen

    Telia-Get fusjonen

    Gjøre en konkurranseanalyse av media/telemarkedet.

    Supervisor: Øystein Foros.

  • Konkurransen i mobilmarkedet

    Konkurransen i mobilmarkedet

    Sammenligne f.eks. Norge og Finland som har ulik markedsstruktur. Mye deskriptiv empiri for å bedre forstå markedet og forskjellen mellom landene.

    Supervisor: Øystein Foros.

  • Bokavtalen

    Bokavtalen

    Kulturminister Trine Skei Grande har nylig foreslått å utvide bokavtalen. Det vil gi en lengre fastprisperiode og høyere priser på opptil 65 prosent av bøkene. Den norske bokavtalen, som gir forleggerne rett til å sette en fast pris på nye bøker, er havnet i søkelyset til Efta-landenes overvåkningsorgan Esa. Nylig besvarte Nærings- og fiskeridepartementet (NFD), på vegne av den norske regjeringen, en rekke spørsmål fra Esa om forholdet mellom bokavtalen og EØS-avtalens eksplisitte forbud mot prissamarbeid i artikkel 53. Her kunne det være interessant å sammenligne med kommisjonens sak mot Amazon ift most-favored nation (MFN) klausuler.

    Supervisor: Øystein Foros.

  • Personalisert prising

    Personalisert prising

    Med utgangspunkt i prosjektet Moving towards the market of one? Competition with personalized pricing and endogenous mismatch costs, jobbe med applikasjoner? Kan også knyttet opp mot AI.

    Supervisor: Øystein Foros.