Cheating is a violation of the regulations and the University and University Colleges Act. If you are caught cheating, you risk being barred from NHH or all Norwegian universities and university colleges for up to two semesters, in addition to having your grade annulled.

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To ensure that all students are tested equally during the examination, there are strict requirements about the rules for the examination. An "examination" is defined as starting with the coursework requirements that forms the basis for the examination and up to and including any appeals processing. "Coursework requirements" refers to any work that must be approved in order to sit the examination (also called course approval)

It is important to be aware that you can be suspected of grossly negligent cheating even if you have not intentionally cheated. Examples of cheating during written school examinations include cheat-sheets forgotten in otherwise permitted examination support materials (such as law books or dictionaries), or that you have had access to your mobile phone etc. during the examination. Poor citations can also lead to suspicions of cheating.

Accomplices can also be sanctioned, cf. section 4-8(3) ot the University and University Colleges Act. The fault requirements for accomplices is that it must have been done intentionally, e.g. when one student sends their answer paper to another student, who then uses it to prepare their own answer.

It is your responsibility as a student to familiarise yourself with the regulations regarding cheating. You must ensure that you only have permitted examination support materials available during the examination, and that you do not have access to anything that can give you an advantage during the examination. We also expect you to comply with the rules for citations, and to not use your own or others' previously submitted work without this being properly cited.

What is considered cheating?

For written examinations:

  • Gaining unauthorised access to the examination question paper, or trying to change the answer paper after the examination is held, but before it has been graded.
  • Access to examination support materials that are not defined as permitted, either inside or outside the examination room while the examination is being held
  • Not listing sources or marking quotes, or to re-write existing work published as one's own.
  • Illegal collaborations during an examination


  • Using answers produced by yourself, another person or group for a previous examination, or in connection with an ongoing examination.
  • Violating the rules about collaborations
  • Answers produced by another person or group for a student
  • Answers obtained from the internet
  • Using quotes from textbooks or others' papers without the text being properly marked as a quote or without indication the source.

All students are expected to familiarise themselves with the rules and regulations regarding cheating. It is important that you are aware of how to behave in connection with an examination in order not to be suspected of cheating. A lack of knowledge of the rules and regulations does not qualify for acquittal in a case about cheating.

Plagiarism check

All examination answer papers that are submitted and subject to grading, will, to the extent possible, be run through a plagiarism detection tool. The plagiarism check can also be used by lecturers using electronic submissions in their courses. The software registers correspondences between the submitted paper and the papers that were submitted previously/simultaneously, as well as websites, documents and other published literature. The plagiarism check provides a result that must then be interpreted in more detail by faculty. This means that a high degree of textual correspondence does not automatically lead to a suspicion of cheating.

Suspicion of cheating

If cheating is suspected during a written exam, the Section for Timetabling and Exams will be contacted immediately. If access to illegal examination support materials has been uncovered, these will if possible be confiscated (cheat-sheet, mobile telephone, etc.). You will be able to complete the exam. Illegal examination support materials such as cheat-sheets, illegal notes in legal texts, etc. will be confiscated until the case is settled. If it is a mobile telephone, this may be returned after a review with the person in charge from the Section for Timetabling and Exams.

If a suspicion arises during grading, the examiner will contact the Section for Timetabling and Exams, who will bring the case further for processing. The examination answer paper will nevertheless be graded like any other answer paper.

You will then be called in for a meeting where the case as it stands will be presented to you. During the meeting you will be given all regulations and relevant excerpts of the law that describe your rights and obligation. You will also be given the opportunity to offer an explanation of what may have happened. You will in addition be encouraged to prepare your own statement that will be enclosed with your case.

After this meeting has been completed, a report will be prepared in which all the relevant information is collected, with relevant appendices, such as a report from the examination room or a statement from faculty, the answer paper, your statement and any other documents that may be relevant to the case. This report will be forwarded to the appointed Appeals Committee at NHH, who determines whether this suspicion is to be considered intentional or negligent cheating, and decides on any sanction to be imposed.

As a student, you will receive copies of all information sent by the Office of Student and Academic Affairs (the Office where the Section for Timetabling and Exams is located) to the Appeals Committee. After the case has been sent to the Committee, the secretary of the Committee will be your contact person. The result of the decision made will also be sent by the secretary of the Appeals Board.

Legal assistance

You have the right to be assisted by a lawyer or other counsel, cf. section 12(1) of the Public Administration Act and section 4-8(5) of the University and University Colleges Act. When the student has told the School who he or she has taken as their counsel, all contact must go through counsel. The School is required to cover the student's costs for such counsel from the time a case about exclusion has been commenced.

The student or their counsel also has the right to related party disclosure in the case under sections 18-20 of the Public Administration Act. This does not include internal assessments made as part of the case preparation, cf. section 18(2) of the Public Administration Act. During case preparation, the student or the student's counsel will normally only have the right to access the actual basis for the case, such as the student's own tests, descriptions of the course of events, witness statements, guidelines, etc.