New article by Mohammed Mardan
The article "Will destination-based taxes be fully exploited when available? An application to the U.S. commodity tax system" has been published in Journal of Public Economics.
Journal of Public Economics is on level 3 in the ABS Academic Journal Guide.
Agrawal, David R., and Mohammed Mardan: Will destination-based taxes be fully exploited when available? An application to the U.S. commodity tax system, Journal of Public Economics, 2019, 169, 128-143, Online 07.12.2018.
We develop a tax competition model that allows for the setting of both an origin-based and a destination-based commodity tax rate in the presence of avoidance and evasion. In the presence of evasion, jurisdictions will give cross-border shoppers tax preferential treatment, thus not fully exploiting the potential of destination-based taxation.
Moreover, the divergence between origin-based and destination-based taxes is stronger when the incentives for consumers' tax-arbitrage opportunities increase. The United States is one example of many such systems. While sales taxes are due at the point of sale, use taxes are due on goods purchased out-of-state.
We document that when able to set both rates, a majority of jurisdictions levy destination-based use taxes at a lower rate than origin-based sales taxes. In response to changes in state-level policies that increase tax avoidance opportunities, the results of the empirical model broadly confirm our theory.