Consequences of Changes in Commuting Patterns
On Monday 12 February 2024 Azam Azad Gholami will hold a trial lecture on a prescribed topic and defend her thesis for the PhD degree at NHH.
The thesis consists of four papers on models for spatial consequences of changes in commuting patterns.
The first paper reviews land-use/transport interaction models (LUTI) and their evolution over the years. In the second paper, an experimental design is provided to study how estimates of the distance deterrence parameter in a standard doubly constrained gravity model respond to different patterns of spatial structure.
The design is defined as an agent-based simulation framework that simultaneously considers the response of commuting and migration to changes in the spatial structure, accounting for labor and housing market issues. The agents are equipped with a utility function and are expected to maximize their utilities corresponding to their disposable income net of commuting costs and house value.
The paper examines how the estimates of the distance deterrence parameter respond to where the central business district is located, to the clustering of local and basic sector jobs, to changes in the road transportation network, and the compactness in the system of towns in the geography.
The third paper demonstrates how trip distribution depends on labor or housing market conditions and how this dependence is reflected in the estimates of the distance deterrence parameter. The paper also addresses the identification of how travel demand is influenced by household preferences and various aspects of the household budget constraint.
The fourth paper explores to what degree a standard spatial interaction model represents a reliable approach to predicting induced commuting from investments in the road transportation network.
Prescribed topic for the trial lecture:
Impacts of information and communication Technology (ICT) innovations on transport modelling
Aud. Karl Borch, NHH, 10:15
Title of the thesis:
Models for Spatial Consequences of Changes in Commuting Patterns
Aud. Karl Borch, NHH, 12:15
Members of the evaluation committee:
Associate Professor Julio Cesar Goez (leader of the committee), Department of Business and Management Science, NHH
Associate Professor David Philip McArthur, Universitety of Glasgow
Lecturer Fiona Crawford, Universitety of Glasgow
Professor Jan Ubøe (main supervisor), Department of Business and Management Science, NHH
Professor Inge Heldal Thorsen, HVL
The trial lecture and thesis defense will be open to the public.