Top publication by Møen and Schjelderup
The article "The tax-efficient use of debt in multinational corporations" has been published in Journal of Corporate Finance.
Journal of Corporate Finance is on level 4 in the ABS Academic Journal Guide.
Goldbach, Stefan, Jarle Møen, Dirk Schindler, Guttorm Schjelderup, and Georg Wamser: The tax-efficient use of debt in multinational corporations, Journal of Corporate Finance, 2021, 102119, Online 30.10.2021.
Affiliates of multinationals borrow a considerable amount from their parent company, even when the parent is located in a high-tax country. This is at odds with standard theories of a tax-efficient capital structure. We set up a model that analyzes the functioning of the internal capital market and investigates the trade-off between tax savings and capital market frictions within the group. We test the model on data of the universe of German multinationals.
The empirical analysis largely supports our model in that: (i) smaller multinationals often rely on parental debt financing; (ii) larger multinationals are more likely to use internal banks; (iii) parental debt and external debt are substitutes and the mix depends on the relative cost of raising capital through the parent and the affiliates; (iv) local and within-group tax incentives play an important role in determining all three types of debt.