Deep-sea mineral resources

ENE477 Deep-sea mineral resources

Spring 2024

  • Topics

    This course combines lectures, group discussions, and hands-on workshops to explore the possibilities within deep-sea mining. Led by seasoned professionals from both industry and academia, the lectures offer a broad overview of key aspects, spanning geology, technology, economics, environment, and policy. Participants will gain hands-on experience with cost-benefit analysis and report-writing through group work and workshops. The course is designed to deliver a comprehensive and engaging learning experience, ensuring students acquire a well-rounded understanding of the subject.

    Specifically, the course will cover:

    • The role of minerals and metals in society today
    • The motivations for deep-sea mining
    • Regulatory frameworks and processes
    • Types of deep-sea mineral deposits
    • Basics of exploration, extraction, and processing of deep-sea minerals
    • Environmental risks of deep-sea mining
    • Cost-benefit analysis

  • Learning outcome


    Upon successful completion the student

    • is familiar with the role of minerals and metals in society today
    • knows why deep-sea minerals are considered for extraction
    • is familiar with the relevant regulatory frameworks and processes
    • is familiar with different types of deep-sea mineral deposits
    • knows the basics of exploration, extraction, and processing of deep-sea minerals
    • is familiar with the environmental risks of deep-sea mining
    • knows the components of cost-benefit analysis
    • knows the value and limitations of cost-benefit analysis in uncertain and unknown domains


    Upon successful completion the student

    • can conduct cost-benefit analysis
    • can write cost-benefit reports
    • can work efficiently in teams under time constraints

    General competence

    Upon successful completion the student

    • has insight into the opportunities and challenges of deep-sea mining
    • has practice in applied cost-benefit analysis
    • has practice with problem-identification, problem-solving and critical thinking
    • has practice with collaboration, communication, and time management
    • can communicate analyses, findings, and limitations in written reports

  • Teaching

    One week-long intensive course with lectures and workshop sessions. Learning-by-doing oriented teaching.

  • Credit reduction due to overlap


  • Compulsory Activity


  • Assessment

    Group project report. Students will work in groups of (approximately) 3-4, for 4 weeks (starting in the teaching week).

  • Grading Scale


  • Literature

    Lecture notes, selected reports, selected scientific articles.


ECTS Credits
Teaching language

Spring. Will be offered Spring 2024 (first time - last week of the semester).

Course responsible

Adjunct Assistant Professor Rasmus Noss Bang, Department of Business and Management Science.