Maritime dictionary is a freely available database of Norwegian terminology within the maritime/marine sector. This includes the subject areas of marine biology (flora/fauna), fishing, aquaculture/farming, shipping/seamanship/navigation and other areas that naturally fall under the marine/maritime sector.
The terminology has been developed by actors within research, professional language and translation with the aim of strengthening Norwegian professional communication and international interaction within the sector. Maritime dictionary aims to be an important learning resource for schools, researchers, businesses, translators and the general public.
The initiators of this national project are a working group consisting of representatives from the Institute of Marine Research (IMR), the Norwegian School of Economics (NHH), the translation community and NORCE (affiliated to UiB) with expertise in marine research, terminology and linguistics, translation and termbase technology. The project has received funding from the Bergesen Allmennyttige Stiftelse, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Trade and Fisheries, the Language Council of Norway, Fritt Ord and Småforsk (NFR/NHH). The initiative has attracted interest and has been disseminated on radio, television, print media and scientific conferences in the field of LSP, terminology and lexicography.
The motivation for initiating the Maritime Dictionary project was the recognition that there was no updated multilingual dictionary for maritime words and expressions in Norway, despite Norway’s position as a significant seafaring nation, a fishing nation, a coastal nation and a pioneer in aquaculture, where maritime resources have been exploited to create countless jobs. The maritime sector of the Norwegian society has always been international, yet research has shown that language skills are not always sufficient in this sector. The sector has been subject to strong anglicisation and lack of new development of terminology as the professional fields develop.
The terminology is based on resources that existed before and that have further developed. Furthermore, new maritime terminologies have been developed and added to the project. Below is an overview of the specific subject areas (subdomains) that are covered by the material.