Asset Pricing Theory II

FIN513 Asset Pricing Theory II

  • Topics

    Topics

    The course starts with a financial market in a continuous time framework, where the

    Black/Scholes model is typically taken as the prime example. The "modern" martingale theory is

    made use of in characterizing absence of arbitrage, in a fairly simple way, for continuous

    diffusion, or Ito-processes.

    • After the introduction of the theory of pricing and hedging derivatives in a complete model,

    including American type derivatives, we move to forward and futures contracts, and then to term

    structure models, including the models of Vasicek, Cox-Ingersoll-Ross. The Heath-Jarrow-Morton

    framework is also given some coverage. If time permits, we extend the theory of options to

    include stochastic interest rates, where we present the Amin-Jarrow (1992) solution for the pricing

    of a European call option by the use of the forward measure.

    • We then analyze optimal consumption and portfolio choice in a dynamic setting for the time and

    state continuous models. As an example we show explicitly how to solve the celebrated Merton¿s

    problem, when the consumer has constant relative risk aversion.

    • The last part consists of dynamic equilibrium theory in a continuous time setting. Here we

    present the Arrow-Debreu equilibrium, and the Lucas consumption based equilibrium model. It is

    shown, in particular, how one may implement the Lucas-type equilibrium in an Arrow-Debreu

    setting for a complete market, based on an idea of Roy Radner. As an illustration, we show how

    the Black/Scholes formula may alternatively be derived in an equilibrium of this type.

    Furthermore, we derive the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross term structure model as an equilibrium solution, as

    it was originally published. We round off with the consumption based capital asset pricing model

    (CCAPM). If time permits, we may also study incomplete models at an introductory level, and

    perhaps also extend the model of the underlying uncertainty to Lévy-based processes containing

    unpredictable jumps at random time points.

    The course requires knowledge in modern microeconomics, some micro based macroeconomics,

    intermediate and graduate finance, and modern probability theory. For the latter, it is an advantage

    to have taken, or take in parallel, the course "An introduction to stochastic analysis with

    applications", also given in the spring semester.

     

    Topics

    1. The Black/Scholes model

    2. State prices and equivalent martingale measures

    3. Term structure models

    4. Derivative pricing

    5. Portfolio and consumption choice

    6. Equilibrium in continuous time models

  • Learning outcome

    Learning outcome

     

    The contents of this course is considered to be more or less an ¿industry standard¿ in financial

    pricing theory, although it was rather ¿far-fetched¿ only a few years back. It is now a prerequisite

    in order to understand much of the extant literature, both the theoretical as well as a large part of

    the empirical research in the field of financial economics.

    The objective is to understand the theories of pricing in financial markets, to formulate the

    consumers¿ problem, and to understand the concept of equilibrium in a world of uncertainty. As a

    prerequisite a course in stochastic calculus is highly recommended. The student should be able to

    start own work in finance using the tools in this course, but can not expect to become an expert in

    this material after just a one semester course. 

  • Teaching

    Teaching

     This course will be taught on a regular basis, meeting two times a week, each time 2 x 45 minutes,

    throughout the whole semester. As we go along, problem sets will be expected solved by the

    students from each main section.

    This course contains material that typically needs maturing, and thus the course is not well suited

    for an intensive presentation during a relatively short period. The work with the problems is very

    important in order to obtain the necessary skills and understanding of the material. We expect to

    present a relatively rich set of illustrations of each chapter through the exercises.

    Since the aim of this course is to prepare the student to publish in international journals, all coursework (problem sets, and exam) must be completed in English

  • Required prerequisites

    Required prerequisites

     

  • Requirements for course approval

    Requirements for course approval

     

    Satisfactory solutions of a number of exercise sets during the course.

  • Assessment

    Assessment

     

     3 hours written school exam. The final exam is closed book

  • Grading Scale

    Grading Scale

    A-F

  • Computer tools

    Computer tools

     

     

  • Semester

    Semester

    Spring

  • Literature

    Literature

     

     

     

Overview

ECTS Credits
7.5
Teaching language
English. The lectures and coursework (including the student's own) are presented in English. If, however, all the participants understand Norwegian, the lectures may be given in this language. Still the exam and the problem sets will be in English, as well as all the text material. Students are expected to do their writing in English
Semester
Spring

Course responsible

Knut Kristian Aase, Department of Business and Management Science